Federal Trade Commission Weighs in On Non-Competes 

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On Tuesday, April 23rd, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) voted3-2 to ban non-compete agreements. The rule was first proposed in January 2023, and the hope was that this change would increase worker’s earnings by almost $300 billion each year.  

There were thousands of public comments sent in with many favoring the proposal. Interestingly enough, a large portion of those comments came from health care workers. 

The FTC estimates that upwards of 30 million workers are subject to non-compete agreements. It is their contention that these agreements prevent employees from working for competitors or starting a competing business after they leave a job. That, according to the agency, is unfair and restricts competition. This is viewed as a violation of Section 5 of the FTC Act. 

The final rule would ban new non-compete agreements for all workers and require employers to let current and past employees know they will not enforce them. Employers will also have to discard any existing non-compete agreements for most employees. One change in the final rule allows agreements to remain in effect for senior executives, which the rule defines as someone earning more than $151,164 annually in a policy-making position. 

The agency believes that banning non-competes will allow for: 

  • Reduced healthcare costs; 
  • Increases in new business formations; and 
  • Higher wages for workers. 

The effective date of the new rule will be 120 days after it is published in the Federal Register. As with many controversial rules and regulations, opponents such as pro-business groups have already indicated they will be taking legal action to block the implementation of the new rule. 

Business groups favor non-compete agreements, arguing that they are critical for protecting proprietary information and intellectual property. The new rule does nothing to alter current methods that protect that information, including nondisclosure and confidentiality agreements. Business groups also firmly question the FTC’s authority to even issue the ban, both retroactively and going forward. The dissenting commissioners on the FTC said they do not support non-compete agreements but contend that their agency does not have the authority to issue the rule without a Congressional directive. Congress has not given the agency explicit authority to ban non-compete agreements. Though there have been bills introduced in the past, none have passed into law.  

The U.S. Chamber of Commerce, the largest pro-business lobbying group in the country, has stated that it plans to sue to block the rule. It appears there will likely be a protracted court battle on this issue, and it would not be surprising if it reached the Supreme Court.  

In contrast, the Biden administration has commented in favor of the rule, arguing that non-compete agreements limit workers’ mobility, depress their wages, and harm entrepreneurship and competition in the U.S. economy. 

Given the diverse opinions already shared about this new rule, we anticipate that it may evolve over time, and will continue to provide updates if and when they become available. 

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Invisible Issues, Visible Solutions: Rethinking Mental Health at Work

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As mental health awareness grows, companies must change strategies, moving beyond traditional wellness perks that may feel static and nonpersonal, such as workout programs and mental health days, to tackle many visible and nonvisible challenges. From the trauma of global pandemics to anxiety and depression, companies are stepping up. They’re crafting cultures where it’s okay to talk about mental health openly, boosting support through technology like telehealth, and recognizing the real ROI that comes from happier, healthier employees. It’s not just about ticking boxes; it’s about building resilience, reducing stigma, and fostering an environment where everyone can thrive.

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Annual RxDC Reporting Deadline Drawing Near

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The Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2021 established a new data collection requirement for employers of all sizes and funding structures, where such entities must now submit annual prescription drug data collection (RxDC) reports on their plan’s prescription drug and health care spending to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). The calendar year 2023 reports are due by June 1, 2024. We encourage employers to ensure that these reports are submitted accurately and timely, as the “good faith” compliance standard applied to the initial 2020 and 2021 RxDC filings is no longer available. 

RxDC reports from employer group health plans must include a file of general plan information (P2), details about the plan’s enrollment information and allocation of premium dollars (D1), and seven data files (D2-D8) that primarily reflect statistics about prescription drug usage and medical claims data.  Narrative files explaining the data contained in the D1-D8 reports are also required. Of note, RxDC reports are not required for retiree-only plans, excepted benefits, or account-based plans like HRAs, but they are required for all traditional group health plans in all U.S. states and territories. 

Because employers do not typically have access to the claims data required to prepare D2-D8 files and their accompanying narratives, employers are permitted to have multiple vendors submit data files on behalf of their plan. Plan sponsors will likely rely on as many as three vendors to satisfy these complex reporting requirements: 

  • PBMs will generally complete D3-D8 files (which include pharmacy data files and related data files). 
  • Carriers and TPAs will generally complete and submit D2 files (which include health care spending files). 
  • Depending on the circumstances, employers or their compliance vendors, carriers, or TPAs will generally complete and submit D1 files (including information about plan enrollment and premium data). 

Each separate filing must also be accompanied by a P2 cover letter-type filing identifying the plan(s) included in that filing. 

The 2023 RxDC instructions include a notable difference from previous years in that this is the first year that CMS will enforce the previously suspended aggregation restriction. This restriction prohibits the D1 medical premium and life years data and the D3-D8 pharmacy benefit data from being reported at a “less granular level” than the D2 medical benefit data. In other words, if the D2 is submitted on a plan-level basis, the D1 and D3-D8 files must be submitted similarly; they cannot be submitted by market segment unless the D2 file is also provided on a market segment-level basis. The D1 and D3-D8 files may be submitted at a more granular level than the D2 file, meaning that these reports can be created on a plan-level basis even if D2 reflects market segment-level information. 

The most significant challenge many employers face for RxDC reports is identifying a solution for submitting the D1 data, which needs to be filed along with its own P2. Even though the P2 plan information and D1 premium data files are comprised primarily of information employers should know about the health plan they have offered, there are complex requirements within the P2 and D1 file specifications, and it takes weeks to obtain the account with CMS’s Health Insurance Oversight System (HIOS) required for their submission. As a result, most employers will need assistance from a vendor or compliance expert to create and submit these reports through HIOS. 

Employers working with a health insurer, TPA, or PBM to submit D1 files on their behalf will likely encounter tight deadlines to provide their vendor employer-specific information for these filings.  In some cases, these deadlines may have already passed; in others, a plan’s vendor may refuse to help submit D1 data. The reluctance to help and tight deadlines exist because carriers, TPAs, and PBMs must focus on the “heavy lift” that submission of D2-D8 claims files requires.  

For employers whose carrier/TPA/PBM is unwilling or unable to submit D1 on their behalf or for those who have missed their vendor’s deadline, MZQ Consulting is available to prepare and submit D1 and P2 files for your organization. Click here to get more information.  

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The ROI of Empathy: Unveiling the Value of Always-On Employee Care

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Empathy can sometimes take a backseat to productivity and efficiency. However, recent insights suggest that nurturing an always-on approach to employee care isn’t just good ethics—it’s smart business. This deep dive unveils the return on investment (ROI) companies can achieve by genuinely caring for their teams. 

The essence of always-on care 

Imagine a work environment where wellbeing is not merely an afterthought but an aspect of company culture. Always-on care embodies this vision, providing support to employees across all life’s phases—both professional and personal. It’s a holistic approach, encompassing mental health support, financial wellness, professional development, and a healthy work-life balance. Read more

Final Rules Issued on Employer-Sponsored Indemnity Insurance

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On March 28, 2024, the Departments of Health and Human Services (HHS), Labor, and the Treasury (collectively, the Departments) released final rules governing employer-sponsored indemnity insurance. This type of medical coverage is designed to provide limited-scope benefits and is therefore exempt from certain legal requirements that otherwise apply to major medical plans. As such, indemnity insurance is strictly regulated to ensure that consumers and employees understand what they are buying when they enroll in these plans.

Many employers offer hospital or other fixed indemnity insurance products designed to qualify as “excepted benefits,” meaning that they do not have to comply with the Affordable Care Act’s coverage mandates. Under these arrangements, the insurance policy must pay a fixed dollar amount per day (or per other time period) for a hospitalization or illness, regardless of the amount of expenses incurred.  These plans are traditionally used as a form of income replacement upon the occurrence of a health-related event. They are not, nor have they ever been, a substitute for comprehensive coverage. Consumers have the option of using the fixed cash benefit as they wish, whether it be to cover out-of-pocket expenses not covered by comprehensive coverage, or to defray non-medical expenses such as rent or mortgage. 

Notably, the guidance emphasizes that employer-sponsored indemnity plans are not permitted to reimburse participants on a per service basis, such as per doctor visit or surgical procedure. Thus, indemnity plans cannot provide benefits in varying amounts based on the type of procedure or item, such as the type of surgery being performed, or the type of prescription drug provided. 

In proposed regulations issued last year, the Departments expressed concern regarding employers that offer these plans alongside medical plans that provide minimum essential coverage, but not minimum value (e.g., preventive-care only plans), and suggested prohibiting such arrangements. Specifically, the Departments were concerned that these arrangements are intended to circumvent the Federal consumer protections and requirements for comprehensive coverage that otherwise apply to employer-sponsored plans. Though the proposed prohibition was not adopted in the final rule, the Departments have indicated that they will continue to study the issue, noting that “[n]o inference should be drawn from the decision not to finalize the proposed . . . example[s].” 

The Departments did finalize requirements relating to strict new notices that must be provided to employees who are offered indemnity insurance. These notices point out the differences between fixed indemnity excepted benefits coverage and comprehensive coverage. For plan years beginning on or after January 1, 2025, any employer offering hospital indemnity or other fixed indemnity coverage will need to include the notice below in at least 14-point font on the first page (in either paper or electronic form, including on a website) of any marketing, application, and enrollment materials that are provided to participants.  

Please feel free to reach out to MZQ Consulting with any questions. Read more

HHS Delivers Reports to Congress on HIPAA Compliance 

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The Integrity Check: A Leader’s Guide to Authenticity

It’s all too easy to articulate a vision of the ideal company culture—emphasizing values like work-life balance, respect, and open communication. However, as many of us find out, the real challenge lies not in defining these values but in living them, especially when the pressure mounts.

Whether it’s sending emails late into the night or working through weekends, these moments test our commitment to the very culture we advocate for. Ironically, in our bid to lead by example, we might set a standard that contradicts our preached values. This dissonance affects personal wellbeing and can erode trust within your team as they struggle to reconcile what you promote with the behaviors you exhibit. It’s a reminder that leadership is as much about introspection and self-regulation as it is about guiding others.

To help maintain alignment between your actions and your stated values, consider this monthly reflection exercise. It can be a personal audit, ensuring you stay true to your vision and lead with integrity. Read more

Navigating the Future: Advancements in Employee Wellness Programs

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Employee wellness is not what it used to be, and that’s a good thing.

Gone are the days of traditional approaches like gym memberships and nutrition workshops. Today’s workplace wellness programs are as diverse as the workforce itself, spanning the spectrum from physical to emotional and social wellbeing. Many employees, especially those who are now hybrid or online, see wellness programs as a way for organizations to listen to their needs as individuals.

They now include aspects of mental and emotional wellbeing, social interaction, and financial health, reflecting an understanding that wellbeing is complex. With a focus on individual cultures and personal needs, these programs cater to employees’ unique work-life balance requirements. Read more

Mastering the Juggle: Personal and Professional Work-Life Strategies for Busy Leaders

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As a leader or business owner, you may find yourself wondering how you’ll juggle it all in your work and personal life. You know you need to focus on both, but it may be tough to know where to begin.  

It doesn’t have to be an either/or situation; you can choose both. Read more

Webinar: I’m a Health Plan Fiduciary . . . Now What?

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Geometric Image + Icon (5)Join Q4intelligence and Marissa Rufo of MZQ Consulting for a compliance webinar.

When: Wednesday, March 20th, 2024, 11:00 AM Pacific / 2:00 PM Eastern

Where: Zoom | Register here

 

I’m a Health Plan Fiduciary . . . Now What?

Learn how to answer that question so you don’t end up like the folks at Johnson & Johnson!

Haven’t seen the news? A case citing a breach of fiduciary duties has been filed against the company AND the individual members of their benefit committee for overpaying for prescription drugs. Their benefits advisor is also cited in the case. More cases like that one are already popping up.

ERISA sets the standard for appropriate fiduciary action. If you don’t know what you don’t know about fiduciary duties, join us as we start from the beginning, covering such topics as:

  • What exactly happened with J&J?
  • What is a plan fiduciary?
  • What are fiduciary duties for plan sponsors of health plans?
  • What is a breach of fiduciary duties?
  • And strategies to better compliance!

Who is MZQ Consulting?

MZQ Consulting is a boutique ACA and benefits compliance consultancy helping people navigate the complex world of employee benefits compliance through deep expertise and superb client service.

Want to attend?

Register and save your seat by clicking the “Register here” link up above!

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